The recent regime change in Tunisia, but more to the point, the exploding unrest in Egypt has brought up again the sordid past of Arab regimes. Those two are certainly not isolated cases. The dysfunctionalities of three large North African countries, Egypt, Libya and Algeria. are transparent. For decades they have been the real “root causes” of many of the region’s ailments: persistent inability to absorb modernity, total misunderstanding of democracy, corruption, and clearly, as a defensive crutch by a visibly dispirited population, more Islamic fundamentalism. In a way counter to what the West would expect, more women wear the veil today than 20 years ago.