HOUSTON — After two years of steady decline, hunger for oil and gas deals is picking up as economic uncertainties clear up around the world, according to an EY survey of industry executives released Thursday.
The percentage of oil and gas executives who expect to make a deal over the next 12 months jumped to 39 percent in October, up from 28 percent a year ago. While that’s still under the 48 percent peak the industry saw in October 2011, plans for oil and gas deals outpaced all but the industrial products and life sciences industries last month, according to the EY report.
EY, the new global brand for financial services provider Ernst & Young, surveyed 169 oil and gas executives in September for its Capital Confidence Barometer, which the firm has published for four years. More than 1,600 executives across a dozen industries responded to EY’s survey.
Renewed confidence in the global economy and a growing number of high-quality assets on the sales block are driving the industry’s instinct to acquire, and more potential buyers and sellers believe they can meet at a fair price and close a deal, the firm reported.
As executives become more bullish on the global economy, 57 percent of the survey’s oil and gas respondents said they plan to boost hiring in the next 12 months, up from 34 percent in October 2012.
The industry’s expectations for increased economic growth jumped from 46 percent last year to 71 percent in October, but other measures, including confidence in stock market valuations and the market’s stability, dipped slightly. Views on corporate earnings stayed level with last year, with 36 percent of respondents expecting margins to improve.
Organic growth, the executives say, comes mostly (38 percent) from improving core products and focusing on existing markets, but 25 percent say advances in technology also have enabled companies to develop new products and markets, according to EY.
Cat and Mouse
Buyers told EY that market share gains in existing footprints were the main attraction to scooping up more assets, signaling an affinity for “bolt-on” acquisitions that fill strategic gaps in companies’ existing businesses. Seventy-five percent of the firm’s oil and gas sample said the number of good buys on the market should increase over the next 12 months, up from 44 percent last year.
Forty-six percent of the respondents said they see asset prices going up over the next 12 months, up from 33 percent last year, as sellers post more attractive targets. And more players — 21 percent, up from 12 percent last year — say they expect to see more large deals over $500 million in value.
The increase in price tags comes as companies use more cash to finance deals, a measure to offset the high debt used in building shale positions. The percentage of executives who see cash as the source of deal funding increased from 40 percent last year to 48 percent in October, as shareholders and management teams become more concerned about leveraging up.
After a significant ramp up in debt on the books, more oil and gas companies, EY reported, are focused on reducing interest costs and extending debt maturities.
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Top 10 deals of the US energy boom
Nati Harnik / AP
10. $9.2 billion
In March 2011, Berkshire Hathaway announced plans to buy Wickliffe, Ohio-based specialty chemicals company Lubrizol in an all-cash deal.
[photo: Warren Buffet, chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway]
9. $9.3 billion
In June 2011, Dallas-based Energy Transfer Equity announced plans to buy Houston’s Southern Union Co. in a stock deal, creating one of the largest natural gas pipeline companies in U.S.
[photo: The Travis Tower, or 1300 Main, in downtown Houston was purchased by Dallas-based Energy Transfer Partners in August 2011.]
8. $10.2 billion
In April 2011, Exelon Corp. agreed to buy Constellation Energy Group Inc. in a stock deal led by CEO John
Rowe, then the longest-serving utility CEO in the country.
[photo: Then- Exelon Corp. CEO John Rowe]
Plains Exploration and Productio
7. $10.2 billion
In December 2012, global mining powerhouse Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. announced plans to buy Plains Exploration and Production Co. in a cash and stock deal, making a big and risky jump into the oil and gas business.
[photo: A Plains Exploration and Production Co. worker retrieves data from a well in the Inglewood oil field in Los Angeles.]
Isaac Brekken / Getty Images for National Clean
6. $10.4 billion
In May 2013, Berkshire Hathaway’s MidAmerican Energy utility announced plans to buy Nevada electric and natural gas company NV Energy in a cash deal that expanded the footprint of Warren Buffet's company in the energy sector.
[photo: NV Energy President and CEO Michael Yackira speaks during the National Clean Energy Summit 6.0 at the Mandalay Bay Convention Center on August 13, 2013 in Las Vegas, Nevada.]
TOM REEL / San Antonio Express-News
5. $12.3 billion
In February 2010, oil field services giant Schlumberger announced plans to buy Houston-based drill bits maker Smith International in an all-stock merger.
[photo: In 2012, Robert Drummond, President of Schlumberger North America, (left) talks about his company as Jeremy Aumaugher, South Division Operations Manager,listens.]
Jake Lacey / Jake Lacey
4. $14.9 billion
In July 2011, BHP Billiton announced plans to buy Petrohawk Energy Corp. in an all-cash deal that made the Australian company a bigger player in U.S. onshore energy production.
[photo: A Petrohawk Energy Co. drilling site at the Eagle Ford Shale in McMullen County, Texas.]
Nell Redmond / AP
3. $25.5 billion
In January 2011, Duke Energy Corp. announced plans to buy its North Carolina rival Progress Energy Inc. in a stock deal that would create one of the nation's largest utilities.
[photo: Duke Energy's Charlotte, N.C. corporate headquarters in Feb. 1, 2006]
2. $37.6 billion
In October 2011, Kinder Morgan announced plans to buy El Paso Corp., a Houston-based natural gas producer and pipeline owner in a cash and stock deal. The acquisition encountered regulatory challenges, but eventually created the nation's largest network of pipelines.
[photo: Rockie Express Pipeline]
Matt Nager / Bloomberg
1. $41.4 billion
In December 2009, Exxon Mobil announced plans to buy Fort Worth, Texas-based XTO Energy in a stock deal, making a major bet on the future of natural gas. Exxon Mobil is now the largest producer of natural gas in North America.
[photo: A flag flies otuside the headquarters building of XTO Energy Inc. in Fort Worth, Texas, U.S., on Monday, Dec. 14, 2009.]