Natural gas boom helps Gulf petrochemical industry


The Gulf Coast’s petrochemical industry is benefiting from the recent boom in U.S. natural gas supplies, which has lowered feedstock costs and improved odds that the region will get new plants and jobs in coming years, an economist for a leading industry group said Tuesday in Houston.

“Capital investment is now being reconsidered,” said Kevin Swift, chief economist with the American Chemistry Council. “Ten years ago, it was largely being written off.”

In recent years, the U.S. — and the Gulf Coast in particular – had been forecast to lose ground to the Middle East, where new chemical plants were being built near huge natural gas fields and major consuming markets like China.

The economic downturn dealt another blow, killing demand for products derived from chemicals and tipping several companies into bankruptcy.

Production to double?

But the discovery of shale rock formations, rich with natural gas and natural gas liquids, has changed the picture dramatically. Ethane, one of those liquids, is a primary feedstock for chemical makers on the Gulf Coast. It is used to make ethylene, a raw material for plastics.

Gas production from shale formations could double by 2035, the Energy Department estimates.

If U.S. output of ethane also rose 25 percent, it could spur $16 billion in new investment on U.S. chemical plants and create 17,000 jobs, Swift said, and Texas could be a big winner.

Today, the chemical industry employs 70,000 people in the state, nearly a tenth of the industry’s total U.S. workforce, according to Labor Department figures. About half of those jobs are in the Houston region, spread across more than 430 chemical plants and refineries.

“Houston is the Jerusalem, the Mecca of the chemical industry,” Swift said in a luncheon presentation to the Houston Economics Club at the Houston branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.

Lost jobs

But nearly 90,000 industry jobs have been lost in the U.S. since 2005 – including about 3,000 in Texas – as the economic downturn forced plants to close and new competition in the Middle East took market share.

Chemical makers including Bayer, Chevron Phillips and Eastman Chemical Co. have said recently they may put mothballed U.S. production units back into service because of low ethane costs. Nova Chemicals Corp. has even proposed building a new ethane cracking unit in West Virginia.

‘New wave’

Swift said such announcements herald a “new wave of petrochemical investment.”

But Stephen Pryor, president of ExxonMobil Chemical Co., predicted at an energy conference in Houston earlier this month that investment will be incremental and will depend on the rate and pattern of North American ethane production and other factors.

Other industry leaders have said that before investing in new U.S. chemical capacity, they’ll want resolution of regulatory uncertainty around U.S. shale gas development.

Hydraulic fracturing

The Environmental Protection Agency is in the early stages of studying hydraulic fracturing, the leading technique for unlocking natural gas from shales nationwide.

The process involves injecting mixtures of water, sand and chemicals deep underground and under high pressure to crack open the dense rock formations and release natural gas.

Environmental groups say the practice uses too much water and can contaminate groundwater supplies.

Categories: Chemicals, Natural gas
Brett Clanton

5 Responses

  1. Dollar says:

    That study’s results, if negative, which is almost guaranteed, will only last until a Republican president is elected, and the issue is studied once again.

    The findings will involve more politics than science.

    Has not the EPA already issued an opinion on fracturing ? The only reason its being studied again, is now the opponents have their man in the White House.

    Same thing occurred with using lead in my fishing tackle. We fishermen fought the battle and won under the Clinton administration, now with Obama and Lisa Jackson in power, we had to fight the battle once again but because the groups we defeated 15 years ago, are now in power. But we won again, btw, because the science is overwhelmingly on our side and impossible to ignore.

    My point being, the EPA is nothing but political hacks, and I don’t see why their study of the issue should have any merit in a news article, but each to their own, I guess.

    • Tom Fowler says:

      Indeed, the results/findings of the study will be up for revision with the next change of administration, just as the EPA’s 2004 study results are getting churned up by this administration. It’s a significant risk for the companies in the business — whether or not you believe the findings are valid — so it’s worth putting in the story. Many people believe oil prices of late have been driven more by speculator fear than actually changes in the supply demand balance. Doesn’t make the impact of the results on companies/consumers any less true.

  2. Tom Fowler says:

    Because if there’s one thing that will derail/stifle/hinder the surge in shale gas production it would be a negative finding from that study or public backlash against gas drilling.

  3. Dollar says:

    Why the last paragraph about hydraulic fracturing ?

  4. TransAmer99 says:

    Okay, whose the wiseguy that thought it would be clever to include the words ‘boom’ and ‘natural gas’ in the same headline?